Maria Fernanda Brando
CocoaAction Brasil is a pioneering model for cocoa sustainability that helps private sector companies work together across the supply chain, speak with a unified voice with national and local governments, and learn together through a consolidated monitoring and evaluation system.
Leading members of Brazil’s chocolate and cocoa sector launched “CocoaAction Brasil” to address a range of sustainability issues in the country’s cocoa sector, in October 2018. CocoaAction Brasil works to find solutions that increase productivity, improve the quality of Brazil’s cocoa, including controlling pests and diseases, improve farmers’ living and working conditions, strengthen farmers’ organizations, and support sustainable forest-positive cocoa production systems.
CocoaAction Brasil priorities
- Productivity improvement
- Cocoa quality improvement
- Farm management improvement
- Prevention of pests & diseases
- Better working and living conditions for cocoa growers
- Strengthening of farmers’ organizations
- Youth, gender, and family succession
- Deforestation control & promotion of reforestation
- Conservation and restoration of Areas of Permanent Preservation and Legal Reserves
- Improvement of agroforestry systems
- Organization towards more efficiency
- Access to credit & land legalization
- Cocoa supply chain information management
All activities are implemented by engaging members and partners throughout the supply chain. CocoaAction Brasil has an estimated duration of five years, from 2018 to 2022. The goal is to leave a legacy of collaboration and collective action, so that the Brazilian cocoa sector continues to work together for long-lasting results in sustainability.
- CocoaAction Brasil Impact Report 2018-2022
- Cocoa Chain Advances in Brazil with Collective Efforts
- Cacau 2030 - Strategic Guidelines
- Panorama of Cocoa Cultivation in the Southern Coastal Territory of Bahia
Map of cocoa producing regions
Principal cocoa production areas (>65,000 tons)
Areas with increasing production (>5,000 tons)
- Espírito Santo
Low production areas (<2,000 tons)
- Mato Grosso
Current opportunities in Brazilian cocoa include the country’s status as a leader in the areas of reforestation and biodiversity preservation by cocoa through the country’s agroforestry and cabruca production models. Recent developments in the sector in Pará also hold promise for modeling much higher farm-level productivity.
Challenges noted are low productivity on smallholder farms that ranges from 200-500 kilograms per hectare, too few farmer organizations and low farmer incomes, pest and disease threats, in particular the devastating Frosty Pod Rot (Moniliophthora roreri), and a domestic supply gap that means Brazil must import approximately 70,000 tons of cocoa annually.
Expertise and lessons learned
WCF initiated efforts that led to the creation of CocoaAction Brasil facilitate company implementation and measurement of the strategy, identify opportunities to lend expertise in policy discussions, fill resource gaps, and generate new insights and learnings to amplify CocoaAction’s impact.
CocoaAction Brasil benefits further from lessons learned through the ongoing implementation of a similar initiative also known as CocoaAction that has been tailored to address needs in the West African nations of Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana, which are the world’s top two producers of cocoa.
CocoaAction Brasil is also drawing on the expertise of cocoa sector partners through a Technical Committee that includes Ceplac, Embrapa, Cocoa Innovation Center, agricultural extension agencies such as Emater-RO, Incaper, Emater-PA, Bahiater, and Empaer-MT, UTZ/Rainforest Alliance, AIPC, ABICAB, SENAR (National Rural Learning Service), and Brazilian representatives of the initiative’s chocolate and cocoa industry members.
Annual Cocoa Forum
The Annual Cocoa Forum is a national and annual event organized by CocoaAction Brasil with the objective of sharing successful experiences and discussing solutions for the construction of a more sustainable cocoa sector with representatives from the Brazilian cocoa supply chain. The Forum has been held since 2018 and convenes supply chain stakeholders, specialists, and cocoa and chocolate associations and entities. The event covers topics such as sustainable production, cocoa growing and processing, and productivity.