The companies and governments pledged to eliminate illegal cocoa production in national parks, in line with stronger enforcement of national forest policies and development of alternative livelihoods for affected farmers. Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana combined produce nearly two-thirds of the world’s annual supply of cocoa, the main ingredient in chocolate and a range of other consumer products.

The set of public-private actions represent unprecedented commitments on forest protection and restoration, and sustainable cocoa production and farmer livelihoods. These combined actions, which are aligned with the Paris Climate Agreement, will play a crucial role in sequestering carbon stocks and thereby addressing global and local climate change.

We are grateful to the support from key development partners for the preparation of the Frameworks for Action, including the United Kingdom government’s Department for International Development (through the Partnership for Forests program), the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs, and the World Bank.

Final Frameworks and the companies that have thus far committed to the Frameworks are available here:

Ghana Framework

Côte d’Ivoire Framework (français)

Côte d’Ivoire Framework (English)

Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana announced plans to introduce a differentiated approach for improved management of forest reserves, based on the level of degradation of the forests. Up-to-date maps on forest cover and land-use, as well as socio-economic data on cocoa farmers and their communities will be developed and publicly shared by the governments. Chocolate and cocoa industry agree to put in place verifiable monitoring systems for traceability from farm to the first purchase point for their own purchases of cocoa, and will work with the governments of Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana to ensure an effective national framework for traceability for all traders in the supply chain.

The two governments and companies agree through the Frameworks to accelerate investment in long-term sustainable production of cocoa, with an emphasis on “growing more cocoa on less land”. Key actions include provision of improved planting materials, training in good agricultural practices, and development and capacity-building of farmers’ organizations.  Sustainable livelihoods and income diversification for cocoa farmers will be accelerated through food crop diversification, agricultural inter-cropping, development of mixed agro-forestry systems, and other income generating activities designed to boost and diversify household income while protecting forests.

The governments and companies, which represent and estimated 80+ percent of global cocoa usage, commit to full and effective consultation and participation of cocoa farmers in the process, and promotion of community-based management models for forest protection and restoration. The governments will assess and mitigate the social impacts and risks of any proposed land-use changes on affected communities, and ensure provision of alternative livelihoods and restoration of standard of living of affected communities as needed.

The governments and companies have committed to a comprehensive monitoring process, including a satellite-based monitoring system to track progress on the overall deforestation target, and annual publicly disclosed reporting on progress and outcomes related to the specific actions in each Framework.

For latest information on the implementation of the Initiative, visit the Cocoa & Forests Initiative website.

Additional Information on the Frameworks for Action 

Press Release

November 2017: Two-thirds of Global Cocoa Supply Agree on Actions to Eliminate Deforestation and Restore Forest Areas


January 2018: Cocoa & Forests Initiative Frameworks for Action Workshop Opening Remarks

November 2017: Remarks made during the launch of the Frameworks for Action of the Cocoa and Forests Initiative at COP23

Social Media


Information on the Cocoa & Forests Initiative Launch

Statement of Intent

March 2017: Cocoa + Forests Initiative Statement of Intent and List of Signatories [English]

Mars 2017: Le Cacao et les Forêts Déclaration d’intention [français]

Press Releases

March 2017: Cocoa Industry Announces Cooperative Initiative to End Deforestation [English]

Mars 2017: L’industrie du cacao annonce une initiative coopérative pour mettre fin à la déforestation [français]


March 2017: Full Speech by HRH The Prince of Wales at the meeting on Cocoa + Forests

Fact Sheets

Best Practice Examples to Address Deforestation in the Cocoa Sector

IDH Cocoa + Forests Fact Sheet